Learn more: How are ice holes made in the high Arctic?

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Subject Update Learn More Ice Free Holes Figure 1 Catlin Arctic Survey
Ice Base Manager Simon gently chisels the final section through the bottom of the ice to the ocean and gets ready to jump out as the water starts to gush in around his feet.

All of the scientists here need ice holes to collect various types of samples using an array of instruments. The kind of data that are being collected are temperature, salinity, pH (acid level), light absorption and small marine organisms.

The seawater at the surface is the coldest, about -1.7C. Seawater doesn’t freeze until -1.8C, as the salt in the water acts in the same way as the grit and salt put on roads and pavements to keep them ice-free during the winter.

Ice sampling holes need constant maintenance and the first task each morning is to chip away the ice forming round the edges and sieve away the slushy ice skin that has formed overnight.

There are four sampling holes at the Catlin Ice Base of different shapes and sizes. Here are some photos I took when I first arrived of one of the most important tasks at the base.

Subject Update Learn More Ice Free Holes Figure 2 Catlin Arctic Survey
Now the ice hole is full of water, the bottom section still needs to be knocked free to allow the sampling instruments to be deployed into the oceans below.
Subject Update Learn More Ice Free Holes Figure 3 Catlin Arctic Survey
Finally the bottom bobs to the surface and is cracked apart and rolled away.
Frozen Oceans Science 14 16 Thumb

Science | Ages 14-16

Frozen Oceans

This Frozen Oceans unit outlines the research carried out by the Catlin Arctic Surveys and can be used in teaching the carbon cycle, ocean acidification and its impact on the Arctic ecosystem.