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The future of coral ecosystems

This lesson considers the future of coral ecosystems and reflects on the different steps being taken to mitigate human impact on the reef as well as the work to conserve and restore reefs. This lesson is aimed at GCSE (ages 14-16) and A-Level (ages 16-18) students. Reef research and restoration work on Curacao in the southern Caribbean will form the case study for this live lesson. This is the third of three lessons on the coral ecosystem for advanced students.

Broadcast on Wed 17 Nov 2021
  • 45 mins
  • Ages 14-16
Learning Outcomes

The future of coral reef ecosystems

  • Future prospects for coral reefs

  • How the threats and impacts identified in the previous lesson can be managed and mitigated through sustainable use and management


This live lesson is suited to all students studying ecosystems in science or geography and will be of particular relevance to those studying coral ecosystems at exam level.

Existing lesson resources use previous conservation work on Timor-Leste in the Coral Triangle as the case study, including Lesson 7 from the Coral Oceans Geography | Ages 14-16 unit and Lesson 5 from the Coral Oceans Science | Ages 14-16 unit.

If you have never joined a live lesson before, see the guidance hub, where you will find technical and educational support.

Questions generated by your class can be submitted via the Encounter Live tab in your Encounter Edu profile.

Session outline

1. Introduction (5 mins)

The live lesson will open with a welcome to Coral Live and the base for the live event, the CARMABI research station in the southern Caribbean. The host will give any shout outs to participating schools and students.

2. Restoring the reef (5 mins)

The live lesson starts with an introduction to some of the coral reef conservation and restoration work being carried out by scientists based at the CARMABI research station.

3. Mitigating human impact (10 mins)

Students will learn about more of the efforts being taken both in Curacao and around the world to mitigate the impact of human activity on the coral ecosystem. These include local actions such as those on fishing, coastal development and water quality as well as wider international efforts to reduce carbon emissions.

4. Coral conservation (10 mins)

The lesson will then look at examples of coral restoration as well as discussing the work to create marine protected areas (MPAs).

5. Q&A (15 mins)

The last section allows for classes and students to ask further questions to clarify any of the points covered or to deepen knowledge of other areas of the coral ecosystem.


Coral Live 2018 Jamie Buchanan Dunlop

Jamie Buchanan-Dunlop

Executive Director, Encounter Edu

Matthew james Bennet CL2021

Matthew-James Bennett

Research and field assistant, CARMABI

Joel Dominguez CL2021

Joel Dominguez

Marine Park Ranger

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