Following on from their study of penguin adaptation in lesson 10, students explore how penguins might have evolved to suit past environmental changes. The core of this lesson is the Penguin Evolution Game, which simulates the six stages of adaptation that lead to evolution. This mission is best suited to older students in Key Stage 2.
- Define the terms evolution and extinction
- Explain how penguins became adapted to their habitat
- Explain how adaptation led to the evolution of penguins
- Mission Engagement (5 mins)
Remind students of their learning from Mission 10. If Mission 10 has been skipped, then use the introduction from Dr Lucy Quinn to provide context for this lesson.
- Penguin evolution presentation (25 mins)
Explain the process of the evolution of penguins using a series of Slides and accompanying script.
- Penguin evolution game (15 mins)
Students play a penguin evolution simulation game to see how the six stages in the process of adaptation could have led to them evolving over time.
- Evolution card sort (10 mins)
Students consolidate their understanding of the evolutionary process using a card sort activity.
- Evolution storyboard (5 mins)
Students demonstrate their learning by creating a storyboard of the evolutionary process. A simplified cloze activity has also been provided.
- Reflection (5 mins)
Students reflect on their learning, considering what they have learnt, what connects to their prior knowledge and what they still want to know.
To support lower ability students, focus on the idea that changes in the environment can cause extinction or evolution, and a clear definition of what evolution is (see Subject Update 5) to facilitate this.
To challenge higher ability students, focus on how to write a concise explanation using vocabulary precisely. Use the script in Activity Overview 11a to facilitate this. Students can demonstrate their learning using Student Sheet 11d.